SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE

DEGRADATION STUDY REPORT BY DR. WILL BRINTON
AT WOODS END'S LABORATORIES

The test was performed on Polypropylene and Polyethylene, two of the most used and common Fossil-Based Plastics
 

1. As a new technology there is not a standardized test available to study a 98% Plastic-Free product.  Therefore we relied on a biodegradation test to evaluate environmental benefits. The standardized test performed is called ÖNORM S2027 #GB21. This is an anaerobic test conducted at 69.8 degrees Fahrenheit, which creates the most realistic test environment for plastics. In direct contrast, so called “Biodegradable additives” pass tests at 122 degrees Fahrenheit which is an unrealistic environment. Most of these products are solely Oxo-biodegradable, meaning they will only degrade in the presence of Oxygen; a huge limitation. In natural conditions these products become 100% compostable which equates to 0% biodegradable.
 

2.  The test showed a 36%  weight loss over a 32 day period in the case of Polypropylene and a 21% weight loss over the same period for Polyethylene.
 

3.  The test revealed that in the initial 7-day period, our fossil-based plastic degraded more rapidly than cellulose which has a higher biodegradability factor than any polymer tested.

4. The study also shows that the biogas production is indistinguishable from the background noise while achieving a significant weight loss. This resulting evidence substantiates that TimePlast™ treated plastic does not require biodegradation (soil bacteria, water or oxygen) in order to disintegrate plastic.

Our additive makes the plastic degrade itself from the inside out. Dr. Brinton states that the lack of correlation from the weight loss to the biogas production is due to the limited quantity of test material. However the lack of materials did not prevent TimePlast™ treated plastics from achieving a 36% weight loss without requiring biodegradation. Which in turn we describe as Molecular Disintegration.

DEGRADATION STUDY REPORT BY XIAOJIANG WANG, PH.D., EVAN BOYST, B. S., AND ANDREW KOLBERT, PH.D.,
AT AVOMEEN ANALYTICAL SERVICES

1.  It was certified that the plastic was indeed fossil-based Polyethylene.
 

2.  It was certified that when our proprietary liquid is put in contact with plastic it turns into white wax (pure wax) with the lowest standard temperature of any manufacturing process.  Timeplast has the ability to effectively disintegrate the plastic during the manufacturing process, thus having a pre-digested plastic from the time of extrusion, achieving a 98% Plastic-Free product.

STUDY REPORT BY DATAPOINT LABS

Test results show, TimePlast treated plastic maintained their tensile and flexural properties. When addressing  the alteration of the polymer chain regarding Carbon-to-Carbon bonds, this report shows that TimePlast managed to effectively lower the amount of energy required to breakdown plastic, thus creating a plastic that has 22.89% (398.6 J/m Vs. 307.4 J/m) less Notched Izod Impact resistance.
 

Taking into consideration the extremely low proportion in mass of our technology (1:10000) in this case. The only way to have such a reduction in impact resistance is by dramatically altering the structure which portrays the exact correlation in molar mass that exists in the formulation of Plastic + TimePlast.

 RECYCLABILITY STUDY REPORT BY DATAPOINT LABS

In this study, Tensile and Flexural properties were analyzed along with Izod Notched Impact tests, in virgin plastic, virgin plus TimePlast at 0.1%, virgin recycled, virgin plus TimePlast at 0.1% recycled, and virgin plus TimePlast at 0.1% recycled with TimePlast at 0.1% (added at the recycling process).
 

1. Results show that when recycled virgin HDPE has 80.3 J/m of Izod Notched Impact Resistance. However when the same HDPE is altered by Timeplast and then recycled, its Impact Resistance is increased to 246.9 J/m, which is an improvement of 307.5% to the quality of the recycling stream. 
 

2. The study also shows that a TimePlast altered HDPE in its third recycling cycle only shows a decrease of 1.66% of Izod Notched Impact Resistance measured at 242.8 J/m.

ASSOCIATION OF PLASTIC RECYCLERS (APR) CRITICAL GUIDANCE PROTOCOL - RECYCLING STUDY

The objective of the study is to determine the impact of TimePlast (TP-314 0.1 04-12-18) material at 25% and 50% blend
concentrations of test resin composition according to the protocol established by APR for PET Bottle Recycling.


Process Overview:
• PFE received incoming control and test additive.
• Control virgin resin was extruded for 1st heat history to represent preform production.
• Test was blended with control virgin resin at 0.1% test additive by injection molding for 1st heat history.
• IVs were performed on the incoming control resin and 1st heat control and test.
• Control and test was crystallized to prepare for 2nd heat history.
• Blends at 0%, 25% and 50% for extrusion into blended pellet (amorphous).
• 0%, 25% and 50% 2nd heat history pellets as is were tested for IV.
• 8 and 15-hour SSP test were completed for the 2nd heat history pellets were tested for IV.
• Pellets then were processed through a solid stated process with IV samples taken to a 0.80 /- 0.02.
• Materials were then taken through drying processes for plaque production and colors and haze will be noted.
• IVs, DSC and color data were completed.
• Storyboard and report were completed.


Conclusion
• Although the extrusion pressure delta for both the 25% and 50% test blends changed by >10% from the control, this should not negatively   affect production as it was a decrease in pressure.
• The IV difference from the first to second heat is within APR specification; IV of each variable builds at the same rate.
• All three variables were solid stated to a 0.80 ± 0.02. All variables had an approximate build rate of 0.018 to 0.020 per hour. The starting IV’s for 25% and 50% were slightly lower than the control therefore requiring more time to build to the 0.80 requirement.
• DSC results show that all peak temperatures are within APR specification.
• All color and black specks are within APR guidelines.

All independent lab results are available upon request and execution of a
non-disclosure agreement. For access to these reports please email
timeplast@timeplast.net

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